Zopiclone. Fentanyl also causes constricted pupils, slurring of speech and foggy memory. A sign of Fentanyl use is "the fentanyl nod" where users slump into sleep then wake up abruptly, or carrying rolls of tinfoil around.
After hours medical services and safe transport to the hospital are available as needed. Our medical staff provides an alcohol detoxification program which includes vitamin supplements, thiamine injections, and pharmaceutical intervention as needed to reduce the risk of complications and ease your discomfort. The Orchard's medical team is led by Dr. Patrick Fay, who has more than 30 years of experience in all areas of addiction medicine, including detox.
Physical signs of "Molly" (Ecstasy) abuse include dilated pupils, sweating and jaw clenching. Personality changes can include major mood swings and psychotic episodes.
In laymen's terms, the main conclusion is essentially that marijuana does not cause problems itself, but that it brings problems to the surface to those who were already at risk. A common conclusion of some studies is that while marijuana use does not cause these psychological disorders, it can be the impetus for an earlier onset of mental health problems and an elevation of the disorders' symptoms.
For those who have abused alcohol heavily and/or over a long period of time, quitting drinking is not a simple case of "just do it". The Orchard Recovery Center provides a safe, medically-supervised alcohol detox program to guide clients through these difficult times. Withdrawal from alcohol can cause severe symptoms, and in some circumstances can even be fatal.
It is part of a group called "Z drugs". Zopiclone is a Schedule IV controlled substance in the United States under the Controlled Substances Act. It effects short term memory and motor skills. A publication in the New Zealand Medical Journal referred to Zopiclone as "a benzodiazepine in disguise". A World Health Organization assessment of Zopiclone drew similarities between Zopiclone and Benzos in their chemical interactions with the CNS, their toxicity and their withdrawal effects. It is intended for use as a sleep aid for those with insomnia, with additional anti-axiety effects through depression of the CNS.
It is commonly distributed through the internet. While the drug was made illegal in the European Union in 2010 and temporarily banned in the USA in 2011, the legal status of mephedrone in Canada is vague (those found in possession of the substance often have it seized but are rarely prosecuted) and in my personal research I have been told it is extremely easy to obtain bath salts on the streets and to smuggle it through customs.
One report by the CBC detailed a "nearly naked young man behaving irrationally and smashing his face into a fence", in a "zombie-like state". It took 7 officers to subdue him. As of late June 2012, cases of bath salts use in Calgary have gained coverage in national media. Other conclusively proven deaths due to mephedrone use have been reported in Sweden, the UK and America. While the claims of mephedrone use in the Miami case were unsupported by by toxicology reports, it shined a spotlight on bath salts and led to discussion of the drug's side effects.
The Orchard has noticed a recent influx of patients seeking rehabilitation from OxyContin addiction, and find that our society is generally unaware of the drug and its potential for addiction.
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While one of the basic laws of statistics is that correlation does not necessarily imply causation, these parallels are certainly alarming and worth heavy consideration. A study accumulating 35 years of testing was published in August 2012 and showed a correlation between long-term use of cannabis and lessened brain development. The study claimed that chronic use of marijuana before the age of 18 causes permanent damage to an adolescent's inligence, attention span and memory. Clinical studies have shown psychological dependence on cannabis and distinct withdrawal syndromes, although physical dependence on cannabis is yet to be proven. Additionally, heavy marijuana users have been found to also suffer from depression, schizophrenia and personality disorders at rates higher than users of other drugs.
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On the street fentanyl is usually sold in the form of its original dermal patches and its abusers cut open the patch to access its gel. Reports of deaths are not yet fully chronicled but most news stories about users dying from fentanyl abuse are to do with youth who overdose on the drug. Fentanyl's potency means it causes its users to often hypoventilate which can lead to inadequate oxygen supply. It is consumed orally, as well as being snorted, injected or smoked. Sometimes fentanyl is available as a type of lollipop, sometimes referred to as a "percopop".
Fentanyl is fast-acting and short-lasting. Fentanyl is about 100 times stronger than morphine and its biological effects are akin to heroin but produce a slightly more "sedative" feeling than that of euphoria. It is generally accepted that the recent change in formula of Oxycontin pills that made them more difficult to inhale or inject is what has led to a huge increase in Fentanyl abuse in 2012 and 2013. Usually the transdermal patches are meant to slowly release over the course of a couple of days, but abusers often consume the patch's full contents all at once.
In the fall of 2012, MDPV (a common active ingredient in bath salts) was categorised as a Schedule 1 substance (the same category as other hard drugs like heroin). As mephedrone and methylone were already illegal, this brought a foot down on bath salts, but there is still work to be done towards removing it from the streets. Fentanyl.
Mephedrone and Bath Salts.
Zopiclone dependence/addiction has been found to be prevalent among users who already have underlying issues of addiction ("a history of drug abuse") or mental health problems like depression, leading to abuse by polydrugusers, which is extremely dangerous due to Zopiclone's interaction with other drugs or alcohol. 2003) found that alcoholic patients were much more likely to be dependent on legal psychotropic drugs than their non-alcoholic counterparts. A Swedish study (Johansson et al.
Signs of OxyContin use can be lethargy, small pupils, constipation, and appearing "spacey"/disoriented.
"Molly", short for molecular, is a term used to refer to the purest forms of Ecstasy. The active ingredient in the drug is MDMA ( methyldyhmethamphetamine), though it is often mixed with other chemicals as powder within a gel capsule. One pill is usually around $10. MDMA is often taken with other hallucinogens like LSD, mushrooms or ketamine.
OxyContin works by stimulating opioid receptors in the CNS. This leads to abuse as high doses can provide a sense of euphoria. OxyContin was initially made for cancer patients, but is now more commonly prescribed for pain relief (especially neck and back injuries). Unlike aspirin or acetaminophen, which have limits to their effectiveness - a "threshold" - OxyContin has a "the more the better" effect that makes it more attractive to its users than a regular analgesic. In recent years OxyContin has become a common drug of abuse used in higher-than-prescribed doses and sold illicitly for non-medicinal purposes. OxyContin is an opiate with effects and addictive properties similar to heroin, though its legality and cultural status may cause people to not see the two drugs as similar. OxyContin, a narcotic produced by Purdue Pharma, is the brand name for oxycodone hydrochloride.
When used intravenously, the user is at risk to disease and infection from non-sterile needles. Its common adverse affects of habitual use are a weakening of the immune system and in turn increased risk of viral and bacterial infections, and constipation. Heroin is usually injected, smoked or sniffed. The variations of purity in street heroin provides a high risk of overdose since users may become used to a certain dose, buy a batch with higher purity levels than usual, and as a result OD. Users develop tolerance and dependence to heroin much faster than with other drugs.
Negative effects for chronic users include depression, anxiety and memory impairment. Effects of the drug last around 6 hours and include docility, euphoria, increased feelings of intimacy, heightened senses and hyperactivity. After coming down, the user may feel fatigued, anxious, depressed and/or irritable and may experience dizziness, hyperthermia, loss of appetite, insomnia and exhaustion.
Fentanyl is a synthetic opiate increasing in prominence recently. Its recreational abuse is a startling trend that has contributed to many highly publicized deaths throughout Canada within the last year. Fentanyl has huge lethality potential, for example 253 deaths were linked to fentanyl overdose in Ontario from 2009 to 2011, whereas only a third of that number were caused by heroin in that same period.
Heavy marijuana abusers have reported that the drug not only causes physical problems, but also negatively effects "measures of life achievement" such as social life and career status. One of the least debated side effects of marijuana is its effect on brain tissue and decreased memory function. Studies have conclusively shown long-term abuse of marijuana to cause damage to the hippocampus and amygdala regions of the brain.
Signs/symptoms of heroin use are dry mouth, flushed skin, constricted pupils, drowsiness/nodding off, slowed breathing, as well as more severe effects like itching, nausea and vomiting. Oxycontin/Oxycodone. Withdrawal from heroin can cause sweating, anxiety, depression, insomnia, cold sweats/chills, aches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and fever.
Memory loss and loss of motorskills is common with high doses, with the potential for hallucinations. Those who abuse the drug report that it provides a sense of euphoria (after a phase of "fighting off" lethargy).
Mephedrone is a synthetic drug used to make a substance commonly referred to as "bath salts" which can be snorted, smoked or injected and has effects similar to amphetamines. Its negative effects include, but are not limited to: paranoia and hallucinations, convulsions, a racing and irregular heartbeat, anxiety/panic, hyperthermia, nausea, insomnia, and depression. One of the most-discussed news stories of recent weeks is that of the Miami Cannibal, who is alleged to have been under the influence of mephedrone.
They exist, and we must acknowledge them. While it is certainly true that some may be overzealous in their persecution of marijuana use, it is much more common to find that people are either unaware of or choose to ignore marijuana's negative effects.
If you or someone you know needs help with withdrawal/detox from oxycodone you should seek the help of a qualified addictions Doctor. Ecstasy - "Molly". The Orchard Recovery Center's addictionoligists can provide several options to help you/your loved one through this process in a safe, comfortable setting.
It is used recreationally for its intense high, providing a rush/euphoric effect. Diacetylmorphine, known as "diamorphine" in medical terms and "heroin" in common parlance, is an opioid/opiate that was originally created for medical use as a rapid-acting form of morphine. Though commonly associated with rock-bottom addicts, it is increasingly being used by youth of all social statuses.
Use of Ecstasy or MDMA is dangerous for teens because they can often be targets for the sale of cheap, impure tablets/capsules filled with other drugs-Being new to drug use, teens often do not know about the quality of what they are being sold. Often seen as a 'safe' drug, the dangers must be communicated.
Like other controlled substances, Zopiclone has medicinal benefits. Zopiclone should only be used as prescribed. However, the increasing frequency of its abuse is cause for attention, and it is important to raise awareness of its addictive potential.
"Willpower" only goes so far when faced with headaches, migraines, shaking, nausea, vomiting, palpitations, sweating, insomnia, irritability/agitation/anxiety, weakness, delirium tremens or even seizures. The physical discomfort that someone who has become dependent on alcohol feels is one of the primary obstacles he or she faces when trying to quit drinking. These withdrawal symptoms are difficult to overcome and a supportive, safe environment will help minimize your discomfort and increase your chance of success.
In March 2012, Canadian pharmacies removed OxyContin from their shelves and in its place started selling OxyNEO, which Purdue Pharma claims is even harder to convert into an abusable form. Prescribed use calls for ingestion with a glass of water, but OxyContin can be abused through chewing, snorting or injection to produce an instant high instead of the usual extended release. In 2010, Purdue began producing OxyContin designed to prevent grinding, but old pills continue to circulate through the underground economy.
Unfortunay, the body adapts to this tranquilisation and, as a result, can become addicted to the substance. Zopiclone, also known as Imovane, is a drug often intended as a "less addictive" alternative to benzodiazepines. Zopiclone is a tranquiliser that depresses the Central Nervous System.
But in recent years the creation of new powerful drugs has led to more instant and cataclysmic repercussions for those who dabble with dangerous substances in the pursuit of a cheap thrill. For many, drug abuse takes its toll slowly, eating at the addict's body and soul over years of anguish.
The stigma of marijuana as a creative outlet and a bohemian accessory glamorizes a substance that for many can be detrimental to a fulfilling life. While remaining fair in our judgments and aware of both sides of the debate concerning marijuana use, our experiences at The Orchard with those seeking treatment for marijuana addiction make it clear that local culture may be closed-minded to the problems that marijuana can and does cause for many of its users. Simply because marijuana causes addiction at lower rates than alcohol or heroin does not mean that it should be seen as harmless. It isn't. Marijuana The number of addicts seeking treatment for marijuana use has increased both nationally and internationally in recent years.
The pills are often not pure MDMA- they have been mixed with chemicals such as ibuprofen or talcum powder and may be have cheaper dugs added in that have effects similar to MDMA such as caffeine or crystal (methamphetamine.). The biggest problem with Ecstasy is with its purity.
A 2009 study by "Monitoring the Future" found that 5.2% of 12th grade students reported daily marijuana use and a decreasing sense of disapproval towards marijuana use. Widespread use of marijuana by youth is indicative of the perception our culture has towards marijuana, its stigma as a safe drug, and the degree to which it is engrained in local everyday life.
Zopiclone can also cause changes in taste perception, hallucinations, nightmares, agitation, aggression, irritability, confusion, depression, nausea, vomiting, and an increase in respiratory viral infections.
As with other drugs, the body builds tolerance to OxyContin and abusers need to increase their doses over time to keep up the drug's effect. Overdoses can be fatal and its withdrawal symptoms are comparable to withdrawal from heroin. OxyContin can often be given out too frequently by physicians, especially when patients "double doctor" to receive multiple prescriptions. OxyContin users may later turn to heroin as it is a cheaper alternative with a similar chemical composition - some addicts may pay up to a dollar per mg (i.e $80 for one 80mg pill). Its availability and less-taboo nature make OxyContin attractive to youth engaging in recreational drug use.
According to the University of Mississippi, average THC levels in cannabis samples between 1975 and 2007 have increased from 4% in 1983 to 9.6% in 2007. One of the reasons for the increasing dangers of marijuana abuse is the increasingly potent levels of THC in marijuana. Withdrawal symptoms can include restlessness, depression, and irritability.
The experience of alcohol withdrawal and detox can be one of the most trying times of a recovering alcoholic's life. Heroin. The Orchard can guide you or your loved one through this difficult process with dignity and respect.